Природен парк Рилски манастир Directorate of Rila Monastery Nature Park


At The Nature Park Rila Monastery there are various micro- and macro-habitats.  Because of this diversity of habitat there are many and varied animal species.

            Both invertebrate and vertebrate animals participate in the cycling of nutrients through the park’s ecosystems. Because of their mobility, the park’s animal species are comparatively more noticeable and visible to visitors, especially insect and vertebrate species. Within the park’s boundaries there are many endemic and relict faunal species which are protected on a national and international level. The forest, rivers, lakes, cliffs and alpine meadows of the park are ideal sanctuaries for many different species of animal.

The alpine biome above 2,000 meters is the habitat of the following faunal species:  Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos), Chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra), Horned Lark (Eremophila alpestris), Water Pipit (Anthus spinoletta), Rock Thrush (Monticola saxatilis), and many others.

In the turbulent and frothy upper reaches of the park’s rivers and streams one can find Balkan Trout (Salmo trutta fario).

In the dense and ancient forest of the park there are:  Brown Bear (Ursus arctos), Wolf (Canis lupis), Long-eared Owl (Asio otus), Stock Dove (Columba oenas), Picoides...

Cultural heritage

Cultural heritage within the GOP " Rila Monastery " is huge. At the foot of the park is the town of Rila . Here you can see one of the oldest churches in the area - "St. Archangel Michael " , which was declared a national monument and is currently undergoing restoration . In the mountain can be seen architectural complex Babinska neighborhood , which is an ensemble of preserved buildings - monuments of local importance. In Rila can be visited and the current church "St. Nicholas " , where the carved bishop's throne made ​​from Alexi .

At the heart of the park is the most important monument of Bulgarian culture - Rila Monastery. It was founded in the 10th century BC ( 927-941 ) by the hermit Ivan of Skrino village , later called Rila . From 10th to 14th century, the monastery was located 3 km northeast of the present-day building. It was built around a natural cave , where he lived Ivan Rilski . In 1335 feudal Hrelyo Dragovola built monastery buildings naturally fortified terrace between the rivers Rila and Drushlyovitsa . Fortress tower ( 1340 ) is the oldest building in the monastery, preserved until today. The modern architectural appearance of the monastery is the product of the 19th century . For four years to build the residential wings , and after...